Ultimate Guide To Grass


Of course we are talking about turf, sod, grass or lawns to be less specific. There are quite a few different turf types, many different species and variations and different brands to boot.

We will do our best to cover a fair bit of useful information. We’ll do our best not to bore you with too much science or tech speak on what makes grass, not ‘just grass!’

What is grass?

The definition of grass is ‘of the family Poaceae which has jointed stems, long and narrow leaves and seed-like fruit.’ 

There are a number of different grass types and species that have characteristics that are ideal for lawns.

Firstly, to categorise the different types of grass they are separated into either warm season or cool season varieties.

Warm season (C4)

Warm season grasses thrive in spring and summer and cool season grasses (C3) perform better during the cooler months. The C3 & C4 reference refers to carbon, and the number represents how many carbon atoms within each compound. This is where they receive the particular characteristics synonymous for each type.

Warm season grasses require higher temperatures and light with lower requirements for moisture. For cool season grasses, it’s the opposite. Warm Season Varieties include: Couch, kikuyu, buffalo and zoysia.

Cool Season (C3)

Cool season varieties include: Fescue, Ryegrass, Kentucky bluegrass and Bent grass.  In Australia, warm season grasses are suited to northern areas and cool season grasses to the far south. Geographically, we have a limited true “cool season” area compared to North America and Europe. Hence the reason warm season varieties are much more common.

Let’s focus on the most common types:

(This is only a guide. Within these grass types is a range of different varieties with more superior characteristics and qualities than others. It’s important you research them individually once you have selected your preferred grass type.)

Soft Leaf Buffalo

Sir Walter Buffalo Grass Turf

Soft-Leaf Buffalo have a broader leaf blade and are highly durable. They are easy to maintain and are soft to touch in comparison to older scratchy buffalo varieties.

Sir Walter DNA Certified Buffalo

Key traits:
• High shade tolerance
• Weed Resistant
• Low maintenance
• Disease resistant


sir grange, turf, grass, zoysia

Zoysia have a fine leaf blade but is slightly wider than couch, tapering along the blade to a tip. It also has dense growth providing it with a high wear resistance.

Sir Grange (Zeon Zoysia)

Key Traits:
• Very high shade tolerance
• Very high drought resistance
• High wear resistance
Hybrid Bermuda
Hybrid Bermuda’s have a very fine leaf, are quick growing and highly invasive. Requires regular mowing, an ideal sporting surface as it can be cut quite short. 



Key Traits:
• High drought resistance
• Very high wear resistance
• High maintenance


Couches have a very fine leaf, are quick growing and highly invasive. Requires regular mowing, an ideal sporting surface as it can be cut quite short.

Nullarbor Couch

Nullabor Couch

Key Traits:
• High drought resistance
• Very high wear resistance
• High maintenance


Kikuyu have a medium leaf width, soft bright green blade and love full sun.

Eureka Kikuyu

Eureka Kikuyu Grass

Key traits:
• Highly invasive
• Economical
• High maintenance


Fescue have a fine deep green blade, are more frost tolerant being a cool season variety and are slow to establish.

RTF Fescue

RTF Fescue Grass Turf

Key Traits:
• Non-invasive
• Low drought tolerance
• High water requirements

The turf industry is continually evolving with exciting developments in turf research and breeding. There are also rapid developments in production technology.

This is great news for consumers with greater flexibility in purchasing and availability. There are significant benefits of brand-new turf varieties with superior characteristics to those that have come before.

Lawn Solutions Australia (LSA) is leading the charge in Australia. They are continually building exclusive partnerships with turf related organisations right across the world. It is through these partnerships that LSA have been able to bring to consumers scientifically exceptional turf varieties like Sir Grange (Zeon Zoysia) and TifTuf.

How do I know which turf variety I need?

Turfco is here to make the selection process easier. Choose the 3 most important turf characteristics you require for your area and we will provide a list of options available to you. 

For information on caring for your lawn visit our Lawn Care Page.

Our lawn is looking, great, I'm really happy with it; I never thought I would be a lawn person but turns out I am!

Mick, West Wollongong

Fantastic , I bought it online Wednesday and it was delivered to my door on Friday, doesn't get any better than that. Thanks!

Warwick, Goulburn

Sincere thanks for your generosity with the recent supply of turf to Ray Robinson Oval – it's assisted immensely with upkeep and preseason preparation.

Fernhill Soccer Club

Thank you for your professionalism and attention to detail with the installation of Sir Walter. It has transformed our newly built home with the finishing touch it so desperately needed.

Tim, South Nowra

Nathan, Josh and Brendon were a delight to deal with and did a fantastic job.

Patrick, Illawong 

Jed and his buddy are wonderful. You guys are a real credit to Turfco.

Robyn, Greenwell Point 

Thanks Marcus! I have to say you and your team are one of the most professional trades I have come across and the lawn looks great!

Belinda, Greenhills Beach

The area is looking excellent – a huge improvement on the original! I appreciate your team's efforts.

Lile, Keiraville 

Please thank your guy for a great install – we had the perfect weather for laying (rained all day!) Looking a treat and I'll be in touch for more just as soon as this lot is established.

Michael, Tallong

Thanks Marcus! I have to say you and your team are one of the most professional trades I have come across and the lawn looks great!

Greenhills Beach - Belinda Roberts

Big thanks to Marcus Josh and Jed – very professional, courteous with nothing being a problem, a job well done and another happy customer – will not hesitate to recommend you guys.

Kevin, Port Kembla 

Product arrived with good grass growth and a nice root mass. Please pass on my thanks to your team.

Jim's Mowing, Kiama

Hi Marcus and Jed, thanks again for your work, we really love our lawn!

Gary, Berry

The boys who laid the lawn were awesome... very polite, worked hard and more than helpful with instructions for care.

Bronwyn, Vincentia

Very very happy with the service we received, everyone was courteous, polite and professional.
Would definitely use your company again in the future.

Karen, Mt Pleasant

Just a quick message to say a big thank you to the driver who delivered the Turf on Saturday. He placed the turf in positions that made it easier for our guys to lay the turf.

Thanks again.

Surf Beach - Ann

Thanks Joe and Marcus for everything and to the guys that did the lawn, they were fantastic and did a great job.

Melinda, Renwick

Jed and Jamie worked their butts off today and did a fantastic job turfing our front lawn. Your whole operation is totally professional and we could not be more pleased with the end result.

Tony, Sutherland

Hi Marcus , just to let you know that the boys and yourself are a credit to your company. Their work ethics are second to none. Thank you.

Lake Conjola - Mark

These guys were awesome! Nothing was too much to ask. Thanks again.

Susan, South Coast NSW

I am amazed at the difference the turf installation has made to the backyard. You made everything so very easy, I will certainly be recommending you. If I need turf again Turfco will be the first company I turn to.

Margarethe, Shellharbour

Great product, excellent service and the most professional experience we have had so far with our renovation. Please use us as a referee to other potential clients, they won't regret it.

Victoria & Gary, Illawarra

Excellent customer service. Marcus gave good advice on what turf to use and had no problems coming a second time to help us keep in budget. The team were polite, friendly, efficient and did a terrific job on our large backyard. It looks amazing. 

Anon, Berry

The new lawn looks great! Thank you very much, the boys did a top job.

Matt, Wollongong

Marcus and Joe are very professional and know exactly what they are doing; their friendly personalities and workmanship makes them a credit to your company.

James, South Coast NSW

Thank you for the great job your guy did on Wednesday. I recommend you guys to everyone. Thanks heaps!

 Mick, Wollongong

Joe, Scott and the team did a great job yesterday and despite having all four seasons during the afternoon, we smashed the turf laying records and got the job done.

Jeff, Kangaroo Valley

Turfco did an amazing job at my place and now I want to repeat it!

Reece, Jervis Bay

Thank you for a quick and professional job at our school.

Mark, Wollongong