Our step by step guide to laying turf
Step 1: Planning
The best way to measure your area is to break it up into smaller shapes (squares, rectangles, triangles) and add them all together – then add an additional 5%. This should ensure you have enough turf to complete the area without using bits and pieces that are left over. The more complete the rolls are the better your lawn will establish and grow strongly and evenly.
Use Turfco’s Online Lawn Area Calculator to make calculating the amount of turf you need really easy.
This video also explains this approach to measuring your lawn area:
Once you’ve worked out how much turf you need to buy to cover the area and decided on your grass variety, it’s time to order your turf.
Step 2: Preparing your surface
Preparation of your area is just as important as the installation itself, and crucial to your lawns success. Here are some simple steps to follow:
- Spray out any existing weeds or grass with a glyphosate product (Zero or Roundup) and wait 7-10 days to ensure that all existing growth has died.
- Once everything has died off, mow the lawn on the lowest setting to get rid of any existing grass.
- Remove any refuse, rocks and debris from the area, turning over the existing base with a rotary hoe or garden fork.
- If additional underlay is required, spread to a depth of between 50-150mm (depending on the existing base) and then level off the area with a rake.
- You can also spread gypsum into the soil to assist in the breaking up of clay in your existing base.
- Spread Lawn Launcher starter fertiliser on your soil base.
Lawn Launcher consists of starter fertiliser, essential nutrients and water crystals that act like water magnets. (only apply on soil before turf is layed, never on top of your turf).
This will help retain water while your turf is establishing and provide your lawn with the kick start that it needs!
A 3kg tub of Lawn Launcher will cover 100sqm and is available for purchase direct from Turfco with your turf order.
Step 3: Delivery and laying
It’s important to plan to install your turf on the same day as delivery. You should also check the weather, if it’s going to be a hot day we recommend getting an early start. This will prevent the turf from drying out.
Unroll the turf and lay it out flat where you plan to install it. It’s best to start at the furthest point from the yard entry and begin at the perimeters and work your way in using a brickwork formation, ensuring that there’s no gaps.
- Start laying from a straight line – using a boundary path or driveway as your guide. First lay out your turf as you would a rug.
- Take care to butt together all the joints, without overlapping the turf edges. Take care to stagger the joints in each new row in a brickwork like pattern.
Step 4: Cutting and shaping
Once you’ve laid out the turf flat, use a spade or shears to trim around the edges to remove any overlapping or overhanging areas. Keep the offcuts as you may find that you have little areas that are bare.
These offcuts are great for filling in these gaps and creating custom shapes.
- Trim any overhanging or overlapping pieces.
- Take care to keep the cut off’s as you may find that you need them to fill in gaps or odd little spots around your yard.
Step 5: Roll Turf to improve soil contact
Roll or hose and walk-down the laid turf to smooth out bumps and air pockets. This encourages good contact with the soil which encourages establishment.