Soil

Preparing the soil

One vital factor in preparing your garden for a lawn is the preparation of the soil layer.  We have talked about preparing the area you will be laying turf in. (Click here to read our article on preparation.) and here we focus on the soil layer.

The best way to prepare your soil for new turf

Successful establishment of all lawn types relies on proper preparation. Preparation for a lawn usually begins after construction activities have finished, or before topsoil has been laid.

Without preparing properly, your lawn can suffer from poor drainage, compaction, pH or fertility problems that could have been simply prevented.

By following this list of tips for preparing soil, you should have a happy and healthy new lawn.

Kill off any existing vegetation using glyphosate or a similar non-selective herbicide. You may need 2 applications to ensure all existing vegetation is completely eradicated.

Soil prep

Hoe in and turn over the existing base and remove any excess vegetation that has been sprayed out.

Building the top layer

Upon completion of a new build it is recommended to strip the top layer of your soil by around 150mm (six inches) and this will ensure the removal of any debris, clay or poor growing medium.

soil prep

Depending on your existing base, add in any soil required to make sure you have the appropriate base for turf. A sand-soil base is always preferred. If you have a clay base you will need to de-compact this and add sand soil. If your base is already sandy, look at mixing in some organics to boost nutrients.

Testing

Conduct a pH test on your soil using a pH testing kit. You want to have a pH between 5.5 and 7. If it is either side of this, your pH can be adjusted with some treatment and before your turf is installed is the best time to act. Check out our article for rectifying pH levels here.

Moss pH

Finally, it’s time to get your levels correct. When looking to lay turf flush with an edge, keep your soil about 30-40mm below this height to allow for the thickness of the turf. Smooth out the rest of your soil, remembering to factor in drainage as you do so, the grade of your lawn area should slope enough to allow surface water to drain away quickly.

For information on caring for your lawn visit our Lawn Care Page.

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  • Thank you for the great job your guy did on Wednesday. I recommend you guys to everyone. Thanks heaps!

    - Mick, Lake Heights

  • Thank you Marcus & Joe for such excellent customer service. Marcus gave us good advice on what turf to use and had no problems coming to offer his advice a second time to help us keep to our budget. Joe and his team were polite, friendly and efficient and did a terrific job on our very large backyard. It looks amazing. We've mowed it twice now and it looks like it has been there forever.

    - Berry

  • Thank you for your help in the installation of our new turf – I am really happy with it and amazed at what a difference it has made to the backyard. Your company made everything so very easy, I will certainly be recommending you. If ever I need turf laid again Turfco will be the first company I turn to.

    - Margarethe, Shellharbour

  • These guys were awesome! Nothing was too much to ask, Thanks guys

    - Susan, Tapitallee

  • Our lawn is looking great, I'm really happy with it; I never thought I would be a lawn person but turns out I am!

    - Mick, West Wollongong

  • The boys who laid the lawn were AWESOME . .. very polite , worked hard and more than helpful with instructions for care.

    - Bronwyn, Vincentia

  • I would just like to thank you and particularly Jed and Jamie who worked their butts off today, and have done a fantastic job turfing our front lawn.   Your whole operation is totally professional and  we could not be more pleased with the end result.   Thanks again.

    - Tony & Kay, Sutherland

  • Thank you so much for your professionalism and attention to detail with the supply and installation of our Sir Walter at our newly built house. It has totally transformed the look of our home and has provided the finishing touch it so desperately needed.

    - Tim McGoldrick, South Nowra

  • Thanks very much for the photos!  The area is looking excellent - a huge improvement on the original !!  I appreciate all your team's efforts and hopefully we'll be able to successfully maintain the turf until it is well established!

    - Lile, Keiraville

  • Just a quick note to thank your guy for a great install - we had the perfect weather for laying (rained all day !!!) Looking a treat and I'll be in touch for more just as soon as this lot is established.

    - Michael, Tallong

  • Hi Marcus & Jed, thanks again for your work, we really love our lawn!

    - Gary, Berry

  • Both Marcus & Joe are very professional and know exactly what they are doing; their friendly personalities and workmanship makes them a credit to your company.

    - James, South Coast NSW

  • Joe, Scott and the team did a great job yesterday and despite having all four seasons during the afternoon, we smashed the turf laying records and got the job done.

    - Jeff, Kangaroo Valley

  • Just a quick message to say a big thank you to the driver who delivered the Turf on Saturday. He placed the turf in positions that made it easier for our guys to lay the turf. Thanks again.

    - Ann, Surf Beach

  • Just like to say a big thanks to Marcus Josh and Jed, all very professional, courteous with nothing being a problem, a job well done and another happy customer,will not hesitate to recommend you guys.

    - Kevin and Florence Handford, Port Kembla

  • Jed and his buddy are wonderful. You guys are a real credit to Turfco.

    - Robyn, Greenwell Point

  • On behalf of our club I wish to pass onto yourself and Turfco are sincere thanks for your generosity with the recent supply of turf to Ray Robinson oval. This has assisted our club immensely with the upkeep and preseason preparation to our ground.  Again we say thanks. We appreciate your support. 

    - Fernhill Soccer Club

  • Nathan, Josh and Brendon were a delight to deal with and did a fantastic job.

    - Patrick, Illawong

  • Turfco did an amazing job at my place and now I want to repeat it!

    - Reece, Hyams Beach

  • Thanks Marcus! I have to say you and your team are one of the most professional trades I have come across and the lawn looks great! 

    - Belinda, Greenhills Beach

  • I just want to thank yourself and Marcus for everything and to the guys that did the job, they were fantastic and did a great job.

    - Melinda, Renwick

  • We were very very happy with the service we received, everyone we were involved with were courteous, polite and professional. Would definitely use your company again in the future.

    - Karen, Mt Pleasant

  • The new lawn looks great! Thank you very much the boys did a top job.

    - Matt, Wollongong

  • Product arrived with good grass growth and a nice root mass. Please pass on my thanks to your team.

    - John, Jim's Mowing, Kiama

  • Just wanted to thank you for the great product excellent service and the most professional experience we have had so far with our renovation. Josh and Joe were fantastic. Please feel free to use us as a referee to other potential clients, they won't regret it.

    - Victoria & Gary, Illawarra

  • Fantastic , I bought it online Wednesday and it was delivered to my door on Friday, doesn't get any better than that. Thanks

    - Warwick, Goulburn

  • Hi Marcus , just to let you know that the boys and yourself are a credit to your company. Their work ethics are second to none. Thank you.

    - Mark, Lake Conjola

  • Thank you for a quick and professional job at our school.

    - Mark, Warilla High School